The ancient city of Meniis is located on the "Iron Gates" hill (Demir Kapou), 3.5 km north of Kali. The hill with its steep sides is surrounded from the north, west and south by the river Moglenitsa, while from its far eastern and more easily accessible side, as well as from the south, it is fortified with a wall. Lower down, the wall of the Hellenistic phase is preserved, which is iso-structural of porolite, while higher up is its early Christian phase (5th-6th AD century), which is 2.80 m wide and is built of clay stones and lime mortar without optical bricks. Several Iron Age barrow cemeteries were found over a vast area on the ridges of several hills along roads, east of the town. The over 100 mounds were mainly composed of stones and earth, 1-2 m high and 5-20 m in diameter. The city is built next to Moglenitsa, next to the ancient communication road between Lower Macedonia and Almopia. It is 10 km east of Edessa and 13 km from Kyrros. The river was not much of an obstacle, because in some places it becomes narrow and would be bridged with wooden bridges.
In Thesi "Alonaki", north of Avydros, the only term of Lower Macedonia was found (term = stone that indicates the boundaries of a region and bears inscriptions), which is very important, because it determines the maximum radius of the countries of this region. The term is engraved on a large granite boulder and states the following: "Term by agreement/ Kyrrestais/ to Menides" and dates to the second half of the 2nd AD. century. The term defines the extent of the country of Kyrros to the west, which is approximately 9,750 m. The country of Meneidos which was a small provincial town only reached 3,250m to its east.
Editor: Fotini Anastasopoulou