No prehistoric site has been excavated on the island, but findings from the Proto-Cycladic period (3rd millennium BC) and the Mycenaean era (1400 - 1300 BC) are known.
Ionian island that connected the 5th and 4th c. BC his fate with Athens. Ancient ore mines on the W. and S. coast (Khalara), gave birth to the mythic tradition of the island about the Cyclops metallurgists. The ancient city of Serifos, perhaps on the site of Chora, the current capital of the island, with Livadi as its port. Small Archaeological Collection at the Town's Municipal Store. Ancient building material is integrated into the medieval Castle of Chora.
Important ancient settlement (the ancient city here in one sense) on the site of Megalo Chorio, near which is the Hellenistic tower Aspropyrgos. Another ancient tower, Psaropyrgos, on the mountain of Cyclops, for the supervision of the mines and the export port, Mega Livadi. Fortification at Kastro tis Grias site on the hill above Koutala bay. Ancient installations probably also at the site of Ganema. Architectural members from an early Christian basilica in the area of the chapel of Agia Irini in Koutala.
Editor: Fotini Anastasopoulou