Archaeological findings in the Maroulas region of Kythnos, testify that the island was inhabited during the Mesolithic era (9,000 - 8,000 BC). In Maroulas of Kythnos, the oldest known settlement in the Aegean came to light. Several remains of the outdoor settlement, which was used as a supply station or base, survive to this day. With the archaeological excavations came to light circular dwellings, graves (burials were made in pits lined with stones) and a human skeleton, near which stone tools of flint, quartz and obsidian were found. The settlement is the only outdoor settlement of that period that has been found in Greece.
Editor: Fotini Anastasopoulou