On the northeastern coast of Attica is the municipality of Ramnountos. The topography of the area has not changed noticeably since antiquity and the visitor gains a direct image of an ancient Attic municipality. Along the main street, the restored burial enclosures (mainly from the 4th century BC) are impressive.
Famous was the sanctuary of Nemeses, in the center of the lower town, surrounded by remains of houses. There was an archaic temple (early 6th century BC). Today, the ruins of two churches from the 5th century are preserved. e.g. The small Doric temple (early 5th century BC) was later also used as a treasury (statues in the National Archaeological Museum). The large Doric temple (440/30 BC) housed the cult statue of Nemesis, the work of the famous sculptor Agoracritos. The relief base of the statue, as well as part of the superstructure of the church with the western gable have been restored and are exhibited in a specially designed closed space. On top of the hill stands the fortress of Ramnudos with military installations, public and private buildings of the city. It is defined by a strong enclosure with gates and towers. The gymnasium, theater and sanctuary of Dionysus were excavated here. The two harbors are also visible from the hill. NW. of the entrance to the fortress, the Amfiarion, sanctuary of the hero-healer Amfiaraus, was excavated.
Editor: Fotini Anastasopoulou