Axos or Osxos Mylopotamos. Northwest of Anogeia, on the slopes of a hill near the present village of the same name. A city with a fortified citadel, which flourished in the 7th and 6th centuries BC. Temple of Apollo or Athena of those years on the acropolis. Also, a temple of Aphrodite from Hellenistic-Roman times. Finds from the city at the Rethymnon Museum. In the SE. slope of the acropolis, the cemetery, and to the NE., houses of the late Hellenistic period. Sanctuary of Demetrius at the Gerakaros site. The cemetery church of Agios Ioannis has been built on the site of an early Christian basilica. Perhaps a second basilica existed in the place of the chapel of Saints Eleftherios and Modestos. Few remains of Roman and early Byzantine period fortifications.
Editor: Fotini Anastasopoulou